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Abstract


A LANGUAGE FOCUSED NEEDS ANALYSIS FOR EFL SPEAKING IN PREPARATORY PROGRAMS: A CASE IN TURKEY
The purpose of this study is to investigate the speaking needs of the Turkish EFL learners of pre-intermediate level enrolled in a language preparatory program at a foundation (non-profit, private) university in Istanbul, Turkey. Specifically, the study attempts to identify the speaking needs of the participating students, find out whether the obtained needs are met in the existing program or not and lastly, investigate the perceptions of the participants about the importance of speaking and students’ speaking performance. The participants were 80 students, 17 instructors and 2 coordinators. The data were collected both quantitatively and qualitatively from needs analysis questionnaires, classroom observations and semi-structured interviews. The findings revealed that both the students and academic staff attached great importance to almost all speaking subskills. However, there were remarkable differences and similarities between their perceptions regarding the speaking performance of the participating students. Recommendations to improve the existing speaking syllabus are provided.

Keywords
Needs Analysis, Speaking Skill, Speaking Performance, English Preparatory Program, EFL


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