ADMINISTRATIVE AND TEACHERS 'VIEWS ON THE APPLICABILITY OF ZEN THEORY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
ZEN KURAMININ ORTAOKULLARDA UYGULANABİLİRLİĞİNE DAİR YÖNETİCİ VE ÖĞRETMEN GÖRÜŞLERİ

Author : Ersin Eren Akgöz - Murat Gürkan GÜLCAN
Number of pages : 01-21

Abstract

Although they suffered severe wounds in the Second World War the management of the Japanese companies, which made a great leap forward and even contributed to the advancement of the age, attracted the attention of management scientists. Zen theory in organizations was developed by the theoretician William G. Ouchi by comparing American company management with Japanese company management. Ouchi emphasized seven key points in his analysis. These; employee loyalty, assessment, career development, control or supervision, decision-making, responsibility and interest to employees. Studies on the applicability of Zen theory developed on these seven main points in educational organizations and schools were also made and related literature was gained. The aim of this research is to reveal the views of administrators and teachers about the applicability of Zen theory in schools and to determine the applicability of the basic elements of Zen theory in terms of administrators and teachers. Descriptive scanning method was used in the study. The research group consists of administrators and teachers in public secondary schools in Çankaya district of Ankara. The opinions of school administrators and teachers were obtained through interviews. Administrators and teachers were asked open-ended questions and the answers were analyzed by qualitative analysis techniques. Seven main points about the applicability of Zen theory in schools were identified and the aim of the research on these points was developed. These; employment, valuation and promotion, career ladder, control and supervision mechanism, clear and complete assessment, consensus decision making process of employees, individual responsibility and holistic approach to the employee. The applicability and limitations of Zen theory in schools in our country have been tried to be explained with the studies done on the theory. In this study, the applicability of Zen theory in schools has been tried to be revealed from the perspectives of teachers and administrators.

Keywords

Zen theory, educational institutions, school management

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